Automating Windows Server Environment Inventory with PowerShell

As IT administrators managing complex Windows Server environments, we are often tasked with keeping track of various server configurations, services, roles, and other essential aspects of our infrastructure. Manual tracking and documentation can be time-consuming and error-prone, which is why automating the inventory process is an excellent solution. In this blog post, we’ll introduce a comprehensive PowerShell script that automates the collection of critical data about your Windows Server environment and exports the information into organized CSV files for easy analysis.

Introducing the Windows Server Environment Inventory Script

The Windows Server Environment Inventory PowerShell script is designed to help administrators efficiently gather vital information about their infrastructure. The script consolidates data about servers, services, roles, shares, SMB connections, and certificates, allowing you to keep an eye on your environment and identify potential issues quickly.

Key Features
  • Comprehensive inventory of Windows Server environments
  • Collection of server details, connectivity, services, scheduled tasks, roles, shares, SMB connections, and certificates
  • Export of inventory data into organized CSV files for easy analysis and reporting
  • Automation of data collection process to improve efficiency and accuracy

Requirements and Setup

Before running the script, make sure you have the following requirements in place:

  • PowerShell 5.1 or later
  • Active Directory PowerShell Module
  • Appropriate permissions to query Active Directory, remote servers, and export CSV files

To get started, simply clone or download the project files to a local directory and ensure the Active Directory PowerShell Module is installed on your system.

Running the Script

Open a PowerShell session with administrative privileges and navigate to the directory containing the script. Execute the script by running the following command:

PS C:\> .\InventoryWindowsServerEnvironment.ps1

The script will collect information about Windows Servers in your Active Directory environment and generate multiple CSV files in the same directory as the script. These files can be opened and analyzed using spreadsheet software or other data analysis tools.

Analyzing the Results

The generated CSV files provide comprehensive information about your Windows Server environment, including:

  1. Server connectivity details (export-connectivityreport.csv)
  2. Services running on each server (export-services.csv)
  3. Scheduled tasks on each server (export-scheduledtasks.csv)
  4. Installed roles and features on each server (export-installroles.csv)
  5. File shares and file servers (export-fileshares.csv and export-fileservers.csv)
  6. SMB connections on each server (export-smbconnections.csv)
  7. Certificates from the Computer Personal store on each server (export-personalcertificates.csv)

You can use this data to monitor and manage your Windows Server environment, identify potential issues related to connectivity, services, roles, or certificates, and ensure your infrastructure is running optimally.


Automating the Windows Server environment inventory process with PowerShell is a powerful way to improve efficiency, accuracy, and maintainability. The Windows Server Environment Inventory script simplifies data collection, enabling you to focus on analyzing the results and addressing any issues that arise. By leveraging this script, you can keep your finger on the pulse of your infrastructure and ensure a robust and reliable Windows Server environment.

Download it at:
Windows Server Environment Inventory from Azure DevOps

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